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  • 254 SMO stainless steel tube
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  • 254 SMO stainless steel tube
    The 254 SMO stainless steel tube is an austenitic stainless steel tube. Due to its high molybdenum content, it has extremely high pitting and crevice corrosion resistance. The 254 SMO stainless steel tube was developed and developed for use in halide-containing environments such as seawater. 254SMO is the 1978 patent steel number of Avesta, Sweden

    The 254 SMO stainless steel tube has good resistance to uniform corrosion. Especially in halide-containing acids, the steel is superior to ordinary stainless steel. Its C contains <0.03%, so it is called pure austenitic stainless steel tube.

    Manufacturing process
    Since the 254S MO stainless steel tube is a high-alloy material, it is quite complicated in the manufacturing process. Generally, people can only rely on traditional techniques to manufacture such special stainless steel tubes, such asseamless, pouring, forging, calendering and the like.
    Heat treatment
    If additional heat treatment is needed due to further processing the following is recommended.
    Solution annealing
    1150–1200°C (2100–2190°F), quenching in water. Thin-walled tubes min. 1130°C (2060°F), quenching in air/water.

    National standards:
    UNS S31254, DIN/EN 1.4547, ASTM A280, ASME SA-240
    Matching welding consumables:
    ERNiCrMo-3 welding wire, ENiCrMo-3 welding rod

    Chemical composition (nominal) %

    Standards Grade C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo N Cu
    Outokumpu 254 SMO ≤0.020 ≤0.80 ≤1.00 ≤0.030 ≤0.010 19.5-20.5 17.5-18.5 6.0-6.5 0.18-0.22 0.5-1.0
    ASTM A182 F44 S31254 ≤0.020 ≤0.80 ≤1.00 ≤0.030 ≤0.010 19.5-20.5 17.5-18.5 6.0-6.5 0.18-0.22 0.5-1.0
    DIN EN 10088-3-2005 X1CrNiMoN20-18-7
    ≤0.020 ≤0.70 ≤1.00 ≤0.030 ≤0.010 19.5-20.5 17.5-18.5 6.0-7.0 0.18-0.25 0.5-1.0
    Mechanical properties

    Standards Grade Tensile strength Yield strength Elongation Hardness
    Outokumpu 254 SMO ≥650 MPa ≥300 MPa ≥ 35% ≤96 HRB
    Features of 254SMO stainless steel tube
    1. 254SMO stainless steel pipes also have high crevice corrosion resistance in seawater, and only a few types of stainless steel pipes have this property.
    2. The corrosion resistance of 254SMO stainless steel tubes in acidic solutions and oxidizing halide solutions such as paper bleaching can be compared to nickel-based alloys and titanium alloys with the strongest corrosion resistance.
    3. Since the 254SMO stainless steel tube has a high nitrogen content, its mechanical strength is higher than other types of austenitic stainless steel tubes. In addition, the 254SMO stainless steel tube also has high ductility and impact strength as well as good weldability.
    4. The high molybdenum content of the 254SMO stainless steel tube allows it to have a higher oxidation rate during annealing, resulting in a rougher surface than the normal stainless steel tube after pickling. However, this has no adverse effect on the corrosion resistance of the steel.

    Application areas of 254SMO stainless steel pipe:
    1. Ocean: marine structures in the sea environment, seawater desalination, marine aquaculture, seawater heat exchange, etc.
    2. Environmental protection field: flue gas desulfurization device for thermal power generation, wastewater treatment, etc.
    3. Energy field: atomic power generation, comprehensive utilization of coal, and ocean wave power generation.
    4. Petrochemical industry: refining, chemical and chemical equipment.
    5. Food field: salt making, soy sauce brewing, etc.
    6. High concentration chloride ion environment: paper industry, various bleaching devices

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